Building licences

Your local Town Council is responsible for issuing most of the licences that are legally required to build and live in a property in Spain.

Major construction licence (licencia de obra mayor)

This type of licence is required for any build in Spain to proceed legally. It must be issued before work commences and is valid for a specified period. Generally, you have 12 months to begin building and 6-24 months to complete, depending on the project. Extensions may be granted, subject to additional costs.

The cost of the licence is calculated based on the estimated build cost provided by your architect, but as this may be lower than the actual build cost, you will be required to pay the difference should the final cost be higher. The amount is normally 3-3.5% of the estimated build cost, plus an additional cost to process the request (solicitud de licencia).

Licence of initial occupation (licencia de primera ocupación)

Upon completion of a build, your architect and technical architect should provide a certificate (certificado de fin de obras) stating all the work has been done and detailing the procedure and any modifications made. You should check this has been stamped by the Architects Association, as it will serve as the guarantee for any professional liability claims.

This certificate should be taken, either in person or via your architect or a gestor, to your local Town Council, together with any other documentation required. The Town Council then sends a building department technician to inspect the property, without advising you beforehand, and check the completed build corresponds to the permitted project, including confirming that the size of the built area and other characteristics match.

If all is well, the technician delivers a report for approval by the Town Council, who then issue a certificate that allows you to legally live in the property and contract utilities. If there are any discrepancies, the Town Council normally withholds the license until you have legalised any extra built area and paid additional costs. This licence is obligatory to connect to utilities and to sell or rent the property.

Habitability certificate (cédula de habitabilidad)

In some autonomous communities, but not in Andalusia, upon completion of a build, the buyer is required to request a habitability certificate – certifying the property is apt be used as a residence and meets technical standards – from the regional government. This is obligatory to connect to utilities and to sell or rent the property.


Plots for sale

Reduced Estepona, Substantial villa plot for sale on an exclusive residential development, New Golden Mile, Estepona

Substantial villa plot for sale on an exclusive residential development, New Golden Mile, Estepona

Ref. TMXP1006-8

  • 4.123 m² plot

One of 9 plots still available, Building permission of up to 600m2 is granted for this plot. The estate occupies an elevated position 2km above a golden sandy beach on Estepona’s New Golden Mile, enjoying...

395,000 €
Reduced Estepona, Extensive plot for sale with scenic views on the New Golden Mile, Estepona

Extensive plot for sale with scenic views on the New Golden Mile, Estepona

Ref. TMXP1009-13

  • 2.255 m² plot

One of 9 plots still available, Building permission of up to 500m2 is granted for this plot. The estate occupies an elevated position just 2km above a golden sandy beach on Estepona’s New Golden Mile,...

475,000 €
Reduced Estepona, Substantial plot with all-encompassing views for sale on the New Golden Mile, Estepona

Substantial plot with all-encompassing views for sale on the New Golden Mile, Estepona

Ref. TMXP1010-18

  • 2.957 m² plot

La Panera occupies an elevated position 2km above a stretch of sandy beach on Estepona’s New Golden Mile, enjoying spectacular picture perfect views encompassing the surrounding countryside, the sparkling...

495,000 €
Reduced Estepona, Large villa plot with far-reaching views for sale on the New Golden Mile, Estepona

Large villa plot with far-reaching views for sale on the New Golden Mile, Estepona

Ref. TMXP1012-20

  • 3.134 m² plot

With just 9 plots still available, this development is situated in an elevated position 2km above a golden stretch of sandy beach on Estepona’s New Golden Mile. The area enjoys gorgeous panoramic views...

495,000 €